Health Benefits of Watermelon - How Many Calories are in Watermelon?

Watermelons are one of the favorite refreshment fruits and snacks for many people. However, many people wonder are watermelons healthy at all and how many calories they contain.

Watermelons are low calorie, very voluminous food with high content of water.

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Nutritional values of watermelons are given in the following table:

Nutritional Values of Watermelons

values are given per 100g of fruits

Protein 0.6g Vitamin C 8mg
Carbohydrates 7.6g Vitamin A 570 IU
Fats 0.15g Riboflavin 0.02mg
Fibers 0.4g Thiamin 0.03mg
Calories 30 kcal Pantothenic Acid 0.23mg
Magnesium, Mg 10mg Vitamin B-6 0.04mg
Potassium, K 112mg Vitamin B-12 0.00mg
Iron, Fe 0.24mg Vitamin D 0 IU
Phosphorous, P 11mg Niacin 0.18mg
Calcium 7mg    
Sodium, Na 1mg    

Watermelons are mostly water, around 92% of watermelon weight. They contain only 30kcal per 100g of fruits and most of those calories come from carbohydrates (around 7-8g) - mostly various sugars (around 6g).

Glycemic index of watermelons is rather high - 72, but if portions are kept at moderation, for example 300g, then glycemic load of such watermelon is moderate - around 15. For more on this topic, please check Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Common Berries and Other Foods article (link opens in the new window).

Watermelons are not some kind of wonder fruit - they contain most vitamins and minerals required by humans, however, some vitamins and minerals are rather low or not present at all like iron, phosphorous, vitamin D, B-12 etc. Sodium is also very low - 1mg per 100g of fruits, which is actually very good.

Taking into account amount of calories in watermelons, they are very rich in vitamins A and C - 1 kg of watermelons has only 300 calories and provide 5700 IU of vitamin A and 80mg of vitamin C. Also, watermelons contain other minerals, antioxidants and helpful compounds like selenium, choline, lycopene, betaine, phenolic antioxidants, flavonoids, citrulline etc.

watermelon-listWatermelon health benefits can be summarized as:

- due to the content of minerals, watermelons are high alkaline fruits, helping in regulation of body's pH factor.

- watermelons help reduce high blood pressure and they reduce heart disease risk - especially if you combine physical activities like planting and caring for watermelons with eating home grown watermelons :)

- since they are mostly water (hence the name), watermelons help hydrate body. This is very important during summer heat and periods of increased sweating. Due to increased water intake, watermelons help flush down the toxins and help kidneys stay clean.

- help bone development and bone health, especially when combined (not necessarily at the same meal) with foods rich in calcium (milk, cheese etc) and vitamin D (sea food like fish, for example).

- watermelons also help boost immune system and thus, help fight various cancers.

Long story short - whenever you have chance, incorporate watermelons in your diet. However, too much of something is not always good and due to simple carb content and glycemic index of watermelons, watermelon daily consumption should be limited, especially by people who have issues with high(er) blood sugar levels.

Note: watermelons, without seeds, can be consumed by dogs, in moderation, of course. Watermelon seeds can be consumed by humans, although some people avoid them due to several, mostly digestion related, issues.